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How to Mine Monero (XMR)? Is Monero Mining Worth It?
Author: Catherine
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Cryptocurrency mining in 2024 remains a popular and even laudable way to participate in the industry. You hear a lot about industrial-scale mining companies but it is still something you can do at home. It is especially true for altcoins, such as Monero, so today, let us introduce you to how Monero mining works and how to get started yourself.

Key Takeaways

Introduction to Mining Monero

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Monero (XMR) is a privacy-focused cryptocurrency for secure, private, and untraceable transactions. It uses a technology called ring signatures to obfuscate sender and receiver information, making it difficult to trace transactions.

For further introduction to Monero (XMR), read our Beginner’s Guide! This article will assume that you are familiar with the Monero project.

Mining Monero involves using computer hardware to perform complex calculations to verify transactions on the Monero network. The difficulty of said calculations is rather high, so the best results are achieved with high-performing hardware. At the same time, at its core it’s guesswork, so even a weak node has a chance to stumble upon the correct solution.

Miners are rewarded with newly minted XMR for their efforts. This is the reward for their trouble and the reason people choose Monero mining. Currently, the tail emission is in effect, meaning the block rewards are perpetually fixed at 0.6 XMR.

Why Choose to Mine Monero?

Mining cryptocurrency is far from a simple task, and Monero is not an exception. Why do people jump through all the hoops to mine Monero?

First and foremost, financial incentives are the primary motivation of many a miner. Mining Monero is not a steady stream of profit as it depends on things like hardware efficiency, electricity costs, and market conditions. But if the conditions allow, even small-scale miners will see a return in time.

Another major factor is supporting the Monero blockchain. Monero offers strong privacy features, making it attractive for those who value anonymity in their transactions. Contributing to the Monero network helps maintain its integrity and ensures that users can transact privately and securely.

Monero is designed to be ASIC-resistant, which helps promote a more decentralized mining ecosystem. This means that individuals can mine Monero using consumer-grade hardware, leveling the playing field for miners.

What You Need to Start Mining Monero

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There are a few things to settle before jumping into Monero mining. Start your research by looking further into hardware, mining software, and wallet options. Factor in things like Monero mining profitability and the hash rate you can afford solo or in a pool.

Monero can be mined using both CPUs and GPUs. ASIC mining Monero is possible but unfeasible: the RandomX hashing algorithm is ASIC-resistant. Popular mining software for Monero includes XMRig, XMR-Stak, and Cast XMR. Finally, you will need a wallet to store your mined XMR. Make sure to choose a secure wallet that supports Monero.

Mining Monero can be profitable, but it depends on factors such as hardware costs, electricity prices, and network difficulty. Joining a mining pool can increase your chances of earning rewards more consistently. Popular Monero mining pools include c3pool, HashVault Pro, and supportXMR.

Heads Up: What Hurdles Monero Miners Encounter

Monero mining is a lot more complicated than set it and forget it. Even experienced miners run into issues every now and then, so here is a round-up of what you are getting into when you begin mining Monero.

Sudden changes in mining difficulty can impact mining profitability and require miners to adapt their strategies accordingly.

The mining hardware needs maintenance, such as cooling systems failing, fixing malfunctions, or power supply problems. Regular maintenance and monitoring are essential to ensure optimal mining performance. Managing electricity consumption and finding cost-effective mining solutions can also constantly concern XMR miners.

If you as a user dislike network congestion, it bothers miners, too! Congestion issues lead to delays in transaction confirmations but also, higher fees. This can impact mining rewards and overall profitability, requiring miners to adjust their strategies to navigate network congestion effectively.

Regulatory uncertainty surrounding cryptocurrency mining can pose challenges for experienced XMR miners. Changes in regulations or government crackdowns on mining operations can disrupt mining activities and create legal uncertainties for miners. The situation is even more precarious for private-by-default cryptocurrencies, such as XMR.

Finally, despite their experience, miners are not immune to security risks such as hacking attempts, phishing scams, or malware infections. Maintaining robust security measures, such as using secure wallets and practicing good cybersecurity hygiene, is crucial for protecting mining operations.

Solo Mining vs. Pool Mining: How to Mine Monero Profitably?

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Proof-of-work mining these days comes with the choice to do it solo, rent hardware in cloud mining, or join a mining pool. Each method has its pros and cons, and you may even end up trying more than one to see what works for you.

Solo Mining

When mining on your own hardware, you have full control over mining rewards. Unlike a pool, you won’t need to share rewards with other miners or pay a fee to the pool operator. The software client will also directly receive block rewards if successful.

What about the downsides? Unless you can afford to power a lot of CPUs and GPUs, there is a low probability of finding blocks individually. The variance in block discovery also causes inconsistency in income. All the while, your competition will be the mining pools you did not join!

Pool Mining

Contributing your computing power to a mining pool provides a more consistent income through regular payouts. Mining in a pool also has reduced variance in rewards compared to solo mining.

The payoff here is sharing rewards with other pool members. Pool fees eat into the overall profitability. You will also depend on the pool’s performance and reliability.

In short, it comes down to how much resources you have. If you can’t mine blocks with your hash rate and power consistently, a mining pool is a more reliable option. Cloud mining, if it is a real offering, is more or less the same as pool mining: more convenient but fees reduce the profit.

Storing Monero (XMR)

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As a miner, it is essential to store your XMR securely to protect your hard-earned coins. The mining software comes with a full node which can be used to access and manage a blockchain address. However, if you want something more convenient or secure, you have several options.

Software Monero Wallets

The best choice, in this case, would be to use an official Monero wallet like the Monero GUI Wallet or Monero CLI Wallet. Ensure you download the wallet from the official Monero website to avoid scams. Keep your wallet software up to date to benefit from the latest security features.

Some of the wallet options for multiple cryptocurrencies with XMR support are Edge and Exodus. You can even swap Monero there without closing the app with the best rates provided by ChangeHero.

Cold Wallets

Don’t trust a hot wallet? Hardware wallets provide an extra layer of protection by storing your private keys offline. Consider using a hardware wallet like the Ledger Nano S or Trezor Model T for enhanced security. An offline device or air-gapped computer is also a solid alternative.

If you don’t want to splurge on a dedicated device, making a Monero paper wallet for cold storage is very economical. Keeping the piece of paper from wear, tear and the elements can prove more tricky but with a paper wallet you can store your private keys and recovery seed in a secure location away from unauthorized access.

Multi-Signature Wallet

It is not unusual for Monero miners to set up a multi-signature wallet for added security. It can come in any form but a multisig wallet requires multiple signatures to authorize transactions. This can help prevent unauthorized access to your funds and safeguard against a single point of failure being compromised.


We hope this guide was a helpful starting point about how to mine Monero. Best of luck!

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People Ask

Is Monero easy to mine?

Monero can be mined using a regular computer, making it accessible to many users. However, the mining difficulty has increased over time, requiring more computational power and specialized equipment to mine efficiently. It is possible to mine Monero with basic hardware but it may not be as profitable or easy as it once was.

Is mining Monero still profitable?

Mining Monero can still be profitable for those with access to powerful mining equipment and low electricity costs. However, the increasing mining difficulty and competition in the mining space can impact profitability. It’s essential to consider these factors and do thorough research before investing in Monero mining.

What is the best method to mine Monero?

The best method to mine Monero is GPU mining using a powerful graphics card. Monero’s hashing algorithm RandomX is designed to be ASIC-resistant, making GPU mining the most efficient way to mine Monero. Joining a mining pool can also increase your chances of earning consistent rewards and regular payouts.

How long does it take to mine one Monero?

The time it takes to mine one Monero can vary depending on the mining hardware, the mining pool’s hash rate, and the current network difficulty. On average, a standard GPU setup may take several days to mine one Monero coin.

Why is Monero illegal?

Monero is not inherently illegal. It is a privacy-focused cryptocurrency that offers enhanced anonymity features appealing to users seeking financial privacy. However, its privacy features have also raised concerns among regulators and law enforcement agencies due to the potential for illicit activities such as money laundering and tax evasion.

How do I start Monero mining?

To start Monero mining, you will need to set up an XMR wallet to store your earnings, choose a mining pool to join, download and configure mining software such as XMRig or XMR-Stak, and start mining by connecting your software to the chosen mining pool. It’s also important to consider factors like hardware, electricity costs, and mining profitability before getting started.

What is the best miner for XMR?

The best miner for XMR (Monero) is subjective and depends on factors like your hardware, operating system, and personal preferences. Popular options include XMRig and XMR-Stak, both open-source and common in Monero mining. Try different miners and configurations to find the one that works best for your setup.

What software is used to mine Monero?

Monero mining software includes popular options like XMRig and XMR-Stak, both of which are open-source and widely used in the mining community. These software packages are designed to utilize your computer’s resources to solve complex mathematical algorithms and earn rewards in the form of Monero (XMR) cryptocurrency.